The breathtaking Blue Mountains run all the way from Port Antonio in the north down to Kingston in the South. Ideal environmental conditions are the secret for producing a coffee flavor that is rich in flavor without the noticeable bitterness as most other coffee, attracting coffee lovers from all around the world. The area in which the coffee beans grow is particularly nutrient-rich and lies within a misty and cool atmosphere.
In order to retain the prestigious “Blue Mountain” label the coffee beans must be harvested at elevations between 3000 – 5500 ft. Those beans grown between 1500 – to 3000 ft. are labeled as “High Mountain”, while those picked below 1500 ft. are “Supreme” or “Low Mountain”. Conditions are most favorable at the higher altitudes, although the peak areas and upper slopes of the mountain are preserved as a nature reserve.
Jamaican Blue Mountain coffee has a distinctive rich flavor and smell. In comparison to other coffees, it has a lighter flavor that yields a smooth, clean taste. It must also be certified by the Jamaican Coffee Industry Board, which is constantly reviewing the growing process in order to ensure quality and to find improvement.
The Growing Process – Blue Mountain coffee uses a proprietary wet processing technique on its coffee beans. The beans are immersed in waterjust after picking them, which makes it easier filter as bad beans float up to the top with mature beans sinking. The beans are then washed and pulped before being laid out on big tables and being raked repeatedly throughout the day. This prevents mildew from growing on the drying beans.
The Blue Mountains are actually the tallest mountain ranges in Jamaica and the Caribbean and promote a unique set of environmental conditions. These include loads of rain to water the coffee beans, very rich soil and a warm climate.
Small local farmers produce most of the beans and only a few variety exists, however, each farmer claims to have her or his own secret procedure in regards to the picking, preparing, drying and ultimately roasting the coffee beans. There are thus a number of levels that result when the coffee beans are categorized according to their size. For example, Blue Mountain No. 1 have the largest sizes of beans (17/20 screen size), No. 2 is slightly smaller (16/17) and No. 3 even smaller (15/16/17), with Peaberry being the smallest of all (10). There is also Triage coffee that offers a mix of all possible coffee bean screen sizes. In each case except for Triagecoffee, there can’t be anymore than 2% of beans withsignificant defects.
Jamaican Blue Mountain coffee is a world-class coffee that enthusiasts from all over the world can sip and love all the way up to the last drop. The time consuming and tiresome work of coffee growers in planting, picking and processing the coffee is truly astounding. Most coffee plants rely on the region’s climate where they’re grown, and this contributes to the distinguishing flavor of this unique coffee.